Small carnivorous mammals that are domesticated include cats (Felis catus). It is the only domesticated species in the Felidaefamily, and to distinguish it from the other wild cats in the family, it is sometimes referred to as the domestic cat. Cats can be domesticated, farm cats, or feral cats, the latter of which roams freely and avoids interacting with people. Humans cherish domestic cats for their companionship and for their capacity to destroy vermin.
It is designed to destroy tiny prey; as such, it possesses a powerful, flexible body, rapid reflexes, keen fangs, and retractable claws. It has a keen sense of smell and good night vision. Meowing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling, and grunting are just a few of the vocalizations and body language used by cats to communicate. The cat is a solitary hunter yet a gregarious creature, a crepuscular predator that is most active at dawn and twilight. It is capable of picking up noises that are too high in pitch or too weak for human hearing, such those generated by mice and other tiny creatures. Pheromones are also produced and detected by cats.
Domestic cat females can give birth to litters of two to five kittens from early spring to late fall.
The domestic cat is a widespread species that may be found all over the world. It is versatile and may be found now on all continents, with the exception of Antarctica, and on 118 of the 131 major island groups, including the remote Kerguelen Islands. It is one of the most invasive species in the world because of its capacity to flourish in practically any terrestrial environment. It resides on little islands that are uninhabited by people. Forests, meadows, tundra, coastal regions, agricultural land, scrublands, cities, and wetlands are all possible habitats for feral cats.
Both free-fed indoor cats and feral cats eat numerous tiny meals every day. Different people have different meal schedules and portions. They choose their meal choices based on its texture, aroma, and warmth; they don’t like cold food, and they react most strongly to wet foods that are high in amino acids, which are similar to meat. Cats quickly learn to stay away from meals that have previously tasted unpleasant and reject unfamiliar tastes (a response known as xenophobia).
Cats hunt tiny prey, mostly birds and rodents, and are frequently employed as a pest control method. Cats have two hunting techniques: aggressively pursuing their prey or sitting in ambush until the prey gets close enough to be caught. Cats prefer to aggressively hunt birds while tending to wait in ambush outside of burrows, depending on the local prey type. Domestic cats are a significant wildlife predator in the US, killing between 1.3 and 4.0 billion birds and 6.3 and 22.3 billion animals every year.
➢ One of the most common pets in the world, if not the most, is the cat.
➢ In the globe, there are more than 500 million domestic cats.
➢ Humans and cats have been coexisting for about ten thousand years.
➢ Cats sleep for 13 to 14 hours each day on average to preserve energy.
➢ For hunting tiny creatures like mice and rats, cats have flexible bodies and teeth.
➢ A group of cats is referred to as a “colder,” a male cat is known as a “tom,” a female cat is known as a “molly” or “queen,” and kittens refer to young cats.
➢ Domestic cats typically weigh between 4 and 5 kilos (8 lb13 oz) (11 lb 0 oz).
➢ The record-setting domestic cat weighs 21.297 kg (46 lb15.2 oz).
➢ Cats are cunning and deadly predators. They move with their rear paws almost exactly where their front paws left off, making their tracks less noticeable and making less noise.
➢ Due to their excellent night vision, cats can see at light levels that are six times lower than what humans require to see.
➢ Cats have a keen sense of smell and superb hearing.
➢ Sometimes older cats will behave aggressively against kittens.
➢ Domestic cats enjoy playing, and this is especially true of kittens who enjoy chasing toys and engaging in play battles. It’s possible that kittens learn and practice fighting and hunting techniques through play.
➢ Cats typically live between 12 and 15 years.
The average gestation duration for cats is 63 days, however in some cat breeds; it can be as little as 58 days. Larger cat breeds may carry for up to five more days. It is not always feasible to pinpoint the precise due date because the fertile time of heat lasts for a few days.
Preparing for kittening
Getting ready for your cat’s labor will greatly reduce the likelihood of issues. You should think about the following:
Make a note of the due date for your cat (63-68 days after mating).
Long before your cat’s due date, prepare a box for her to give birth in. You may either purchase or manufacture your own disposable, self-assembling box (a large cardboard box will do). The container must be:
➢ Warm, cozy, and in a peaceful atmosphere that is kept at a temperature of around 22 °C
➢ Large enough for your cat to stand, stretch, and turn around without discomfort (open top is ideal)
➢ Lining made from towels or other absorbent bedding
➢ High enough to hold young kittens that are crawling
Have your veterinarian’s phone number on available in case you want assistance or guidance.
Feeding, worming and general care
Make sure your pregnant cat receives the proper nutrition and deworming treatments.
Preparing for birth
While your cat’s kittens shift around into the proper position for delivery, your cat’s birth canal will relax and broaden as she gets ready to give birth. You’ll notice a change in your cat’s behaviorduring this period, which typically lasts between 6 and 12 hours. Signs frequently include:
o Becoming outspoken and agitated
o Covering up
o Grooming too much (especially around her vulva)
o Cutting back on her eating and passing a little amount of crimson or brown mucus from her vulva
o Scratching and pacing about her kittening box is called”nesting.”
Your cat will probably start settling down right before she starts having her babies (preferably in her kittening box, but do notworry if it’s someplace else).
Strong contractions and straining begins as soon as your cat starts to give birth.
o Within 30 minutes of the straining process beginning, the first kitten should be delivered, and more kittens should follow every 10 to 60 minutes.
o Normally, kittens are born in a tiny sac, which your cat should rip apart so they can breathe.
o Your cat will also expel an afterbirth for each kitten it gives birth to (placenta). Although they typically arrive 15 minutes after each kitten, they don’t always arrive in exact succession (i.e. a few kittens may be born before their placentas are passed). If possible, count the placentas as they are expelled so you can tell your veterinarian if one was missed (an infection risk).
o It’s usual for kittens to hatch head first and tail first (tail first may take a little longer).
o Your cat should appear at ease with each kitten, lick it, and feed it.
o All kittens are typically delivered between 4 to 16 hours, however it sometimes takes longer.
o Warning: If your cat is screaming out in agony, has been trying to give birth for 20 to 30 minutes without delivering a kitten, or you have any other concerns, call your veterinarian right once.
After giving birth
Your cat will probably be extremely hungry, exhausted, and in need of rest after giving birth. To feed and form bonds with her kittens, she must remain with them. Ensure that they are in a peaceful, distraction-free environment. If your cat doesn’t feel at ease, at ease, and able to bond with her kittens after giving birth, she may reject them. After giving birth, it’s usual for woman to have vaginal discharge for a few weeks, but it shouldn’t smell. If you are concerned, talk to your veterinarian.
Problem kittening/when to contact your vet
Fortunately, cats have a lot fewer birthing issues than dogs do, but it’s still crucial to watch over them closely since issues can occasionally occur, especially in breeds with flat faces like Persians. If you detect any of the following issues, get in touch with your vet.
1. Green discharge
A kitten may be in trouble if you notice a green discharge coming from your cat’s vulva (their blood and oxygen supply is falling).
While seeing a little blood while your cat is kittening is verynatural, anything more than a few drops is abnormal and needs to be checked out right away by your veterinarian.
If your cat works hard for a while, she can get tired and cease putting up effort.
4. Strenuous work, no kitties
If your cat has been trying to give birth for 20 to 30 minutes without success, call your veterinarian immediately as kitten stuck
Kittens that are too big or malformed risk becoming caught in the pelvis. They occasionally just make it halfway and other times they don’t even make it that far. Do not attempt to remove the kitten if your cat has one lodged inside; instead, call your veterinarian for help right away.
5. Sac problems
Some new mothers require assistance in removing the sac from their kittens. Put the kitten in front of your cat to give them an opportunity to remove the sac on their own, but if they don’t, rip a little hole in the sac and do it yourself. The kittens won’t be able to breathe if the sac is left on their faces for an extended period of time. Call your veterinarian right away for assistance if you’re unclear how to proceed. Here may be a blockage.
Dystocia (Problems giving birth)
Contact your veterinarian right away, if your cat is having problems giving birth, and be as specific as you can about your cat’s pregnancy. Your vet might wish to take the following actions:
➢ To inspect the womb and unborn kittens, use an X-ray or scan.
➢ Monitor: Your veterinarian may opt to keep your cat in the hospital for monitoring while you wait for the outcome, depending on how she is acting. They will keep an eye on her and intervene if required.
➢ Medication: to aid in a stronger womb contraction
➢ A caesarean includes the removal of the kittens under surgery while under general anesthesia.